Research

Practitioners

Image result for stanley kubrick

STANLEY KUBRICK

For my main practitioner, I am going to be researching is Stanley Kubrick, and this is for a couple of reasons. Firstly, I have watched a few documentaries on Kubrick and I think his process of creating the film is very intereassting, like for example how he prefers to have the minimal amount of people on set, only if they are necessary. I thought it was also quite peculiar how through the filming of The Shining, the main character Jack Nicholson said that Kubrick would type up a new version of the script nearly everyday, I find it fascinating how something that would change so frequently (as opposed to most other movie scripts) created such a solid piece of film. Still on the topic of The Shining, it was definitely the main reason why I am undertaking the task of researching Kubrick for my main practitioner, the way he does horror, and creates fear within the audience in such a simple way is unmatched.

FILMS

Directed

  • Eyes Wide Shut – A film intimate about relationships.
  • Full Metal Jacket – Looking at the effects of war.
  • The Shining – Exploring the sanity of human nature.
  • Barry Lyndon – A film about Barry Lyndon.
  • 2001: A space Odyssey – A film About Space.
  • Lolita – Honestly no idea what this film is about but I could look it up on IMDB if I had to.

Written

  • Killer’s Kiss
  • God Fearing Man
  • The Killing
  • Paths of Glory

I really enjoyed this film analysis of The Shining which in-depth went into how Kubrick made the audience scared. A section of this film analysis looked at how Kubrick used our primal sense of fear to keep us on edge and ultimately feel fear. Looking at CREEPINESS “… creepiness is anxiety aroused by the ambiguity of whether there is something to fear or not and/or by the ambiguity of the precise nature of the threat” for example in The Shining Kubrick has a short segment of someone wearing a bear suit and a mask, and this is exactly how he created horror. He introduced the audience (and characters) into ambiguous situations and someone wearing a mask means that you cannot see who they are, you cannot identify their action, friend or foe you don’t know so it immediately raises the red flags as an attempt to scare you.

EDGAR WRIGHT – Secondary Practitioner.

Edgar_Wright_Empire_2011

Edgar Wright, born 1974 (aged 42) is an English director, screenwriter, and producer. He is best known for his comedic Three Flavours Cornetto film trilogy consisting of Shaun of the Dead, The Worlds End, and Hot fuzz.

FILMS

Directed

  • Dead Right – Hot Fuzz without the budget.
  • A Fistful Of Fingers – A low budget Clint Eastwood parody.
  • Asylum
  • Spaced – Surreal Brit Com about a writer and a comic book artist living in a flat.
  • Shaun of the Dead – Guy tries to rescue his friends from zombies. He fails. Mostly.
  • Hot Fuzz – Skilled cop is sent to a sleepy town where no murders, but many accidents happen.
  • Don’t – A trailer from the movie Grindhouse.
  • Scott Pilgrim vs. The World – An adaptation of the comic by Bryan Lee O’Malley.
  • The World’s End – A group of friends from childhood reunite to finish their epic pub crawl only to find their old town invaded by aliens.
  • Baby Driver – A young adult getaway driver.

Writing

  • The Adventures of Tintin – He has a writing credit along with Steven Moffat and Joe Cornish.
  • Ant-Man – He was going to direct, but then left due to Creative Differences.

Myself and Ben who I am closely working with on this project looked at a number of videos, either for reference of the writing process and character production, or techniques and editing processes when it comes to the production and pre-production of our short film.

Wright made his feature film debut in 1994 with a low budget, independent spoof western, A Fistful of Fingers, which was picked up for a limited theatrical release and broadcast on the  TV channel Sky Movies. Despite Wright not liking the finished product, it caught the attention of comedians Matt Lucas and David Walliams, who then chose him as the director of their Paramount Comedy channel production Mash and Peas. During this time he also worked on BBC programs such as Is It Bill Bailey?, Alexei Sayle’s Merry-Go-Round and Sir Bernard’s Stately Homes.

In 1998 writer/actors Simon Pegg and Jessica Stevenson were in the early stages of making their sitcom Spaced for Channel 4 asking Wright to direct having worked with him on the Asylum. Wright gave Spaced an unusual look for the sitcom genre, with dramatic camera angles and movement borrowed from the visual language of science fiction and horror films. Wright makes an active effort to show his referencing, adding a ‘Homage-O-Meter’ to all of his releases, a device that displays each directorial nod he has made during shooting.

The critical success of Spaced paved the way for Wright and Pegg to move to the big screen with Shaun of the Dead, a zombie comedy which mixed a “Brit flick” romantic comedy style with homages to the horror classics of George A. Romero and Sam Raimi. The film was a great success both critically and financially.

The pair then planned out a trilogy of British genre-comedies which were connected not by narrative but by their shared traits and motifs. The trilogy was named “The Three Flavours Cornetto Trilogy” by the pair due to a running joke about the British Ice Cream product Cornetto and its effectiveness as a hangover cure.

Edgar Wright is a huge inspiration for our short film and learning more about him was very useful. We want our film to have style and I thought who better to look at than Edgar Wright.

Competition

Ok so the genre we are pursuing is a comedy film, but the main concept is about trying to bury what the characters believe to be a dead body. The comedy elements come from the fact that their task is made 100 times harder because of their stupidity and that they are obviously not cut out for this sort of work. They are almost too stupid to realise the seriousness of what they are doing and the idea of it being quite a serious topic will not really be taken seriously in itself. The body will be dropped a few times, basically everything that can go wrong, will go wrong situation.

I think it makes it more of a tragic comedy, so these are the other short films I have looked at to see what they have done good, bad and what I can lear from them:

IL GATTO

The basis of this tragic comedy revolves around a lady and her love for her cat/karate teacher, but after her car is hit by a car she wants to get revenge. Already the film sounds totally bizarre and it is very obvious that it doesn’t take itself too seriously whatsoever. The actions, sounds and near enough most elements of this short film are extremely exaggerated and this is where a lot of the comedy comes from – when the lady starts to fight the car (the one which runs over her cat) there are constant quick cuts between her and the car and then the driver each time becoming a closer shot and eventually ending on an extreme close-up of their eyes ultimately building drama in a very comedic way due to the nature of the film.

The aesthetics of the look is not the best, however, I would say this is intentional; first of all the framing is great and cinematography all works well however, there is a grain effect throughout the entire film and they also possibly lowered the quality. I believe they used this effect again to heighten the comedic value by making it look like an ancient film so it links in with cat doing karate which must have some sort of ancient powers.

Overall the film was very good. It made me laugh and used elements in ways I haven’t really seen used before; it also reminded me that you don’t have to take film too seriously and that this can definitely add to the comedic value.

Target Audience

I am making this film because it’s a film I know me and my friends would want to watch.  There are no restrictions on what I can and cant do, what I mean by that is I am not being hired to create something for someone these or a company. so I can make something for other people alike me.

Demographics:

Gender: Male.

Age: 18 – 24.

Social Grade: C1,C2,D,E.

Politics: Left.

Professions: Wholesales and Retail, Entertainment, Consumer goods, Media and Publishing.

Top Regions: London, Central Scotland, Exeter, Plymouth, Cardiff.

Income per Month: £400 – £800, £900 – £1800.

Lifestyle:

Hobbies and Activities: Watching movies on a smart device, Streaming tv shows and films, Going to the cinema, Spending time with a partner, Listening to music, Playing Football, Going to the gym, Using the internet, Driving, Shopping.

General Interests: Mobile applications, Music, Film, Computers and Technology, Sex and Relationships, Video games, Television, Radio.

Niche Interests: Travel, Property, Mental health, Amusement Parks, Comedy.

 

Personality:

Describes Themselves as: Understanding, Youthful, Inventive, Original, Loving.

Statements: “I wouldn’t pay money for a printed newspaper”, “I like to experiment with new genres of music”, “The internet is my main source of information”, “I can’t live without the internet”.

 

Brands:

Customer of: YouTube, Google play, Amazon, Lucozade, Intel, Apple, Samsung, Just Eat, Trainline.

Clothing Brands: Nike, Adidas, Next, Casio, Sports Direct, Ralph lauren, Hugo Boss, Calvin Klein.

Bank: Barclays, NatWest.

Shops at: Aldi, Asda, Tesco, HMV, Co – op.

Make of Car: Seat, Vauxhall, VW, Citroen.

 

Entertainment:

Favourite Movies: The Shinning, Saw 2, Insidious, Nice Guys, Star Wars, Dark Knight, Pulp Fiction, Creed.

Favourite Tv Shows: Friends, Like Cage, Scream, Riverdale, Fresh Prince of Bel-air, Jimmy Fallon Tonight show.

Favourite Celebrities: Robert Downey Jr, Robert De Niro, Will Smith, Simon Pegg, Ben Stiller.

Favourite Music Artists: Eminem, Dr. Dre, Rihanna, Adele, Ed Sheeran, BBK.

 

Online:

Most Visited Websites: YouTube, Amazon, Ebay, My Protein, Vue Cinema, Sports Direct, Vimeo.

Top Mobile Applications: 8 Ball Pool, Facebook, Snapchat, Amazon, Vue, Netflix, Imdb, Google, Google play.

 

Media:

Online Hours per Week: 40 hours – 50 hours.

Watching TV Hours per Week: 1 hour – 15 hours.

 

Questionnaire

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This questionnaire was good for backing up what I already anticipated, though only 9 people could be answered. The graphs show that my intensions for the film should interest people like me. As not many people have anwsered the questionnaire, you have to take the data with a pinch of salt.

Legal and Ethical Issues

Our film is fictional. Therefore we are in control of everything in the movie. So if there’s anything that could be seen as unethical me and Brandon would discuss it and question whether it really needs to be in the final film. Unless there’s an underlying message you wish to communicate to your audience, I want to steer well clear of anything that could be seen as controversial. However, some scenes may have an opposing effect on different people, but when it is all edited together that will be more clear.

The legal issues we may encounter most likely will be copyrighting due to music licensing. Another aspect we most definitely will come across legally is heath and safety, things like risk assessments have to be carried out as we are using a location owned by a large company.

There are a variety of ways to obtain cheap royalty free music. One, you can create it yourself however, this is most certainly the hardest way if you aren’t a composer and don’t have a huge background in music, luckily there are tools to help people like this, for example, Filmstro is an application designed to make original film scores for a cheap price. Filmstro offer a monthly membership that’s affordable for people like me, therefore, it’s a real option when picking a soundtrack for our movie. They also are constantly adding new music to play around with.

This is where I first heard of filmstro, this video by Film Riot demonstrates how simple Filmstro is:

 

The second route is to make the music yourself, though this is most certainly the hardest option and could be very temperamental. Creating your own music you need lots of equipment, a midi keyboard, computer with compositing software and not to mention how time-consuming it would be, this is the least likely option for our short film.

This is a video by DSLRguide showing how to create your own music:

 

The final way to obtain music for our film is by downloading music and licensing it, so in short paying for music. There are many sites on the internet where you can pay for music you can use in your own videos, however, they can be extremely expensive. My go to site is Audio Network.

Audio Network have a libary of extremely high quality, profesional music. There are difFrent licensing types such as commerial and personal use, so prices variery. You start with 10 trial tracks, so before you purchase the music you have selected you and try it out in your project timeline before hand.

The other documentation we will need is contributer consent forms for actors and extras (employees at store we are filming in) and of course a location relese form.

Here is the BBC contributer consent form:

CONTRIBUTOR CONSENT FORM (Agreement1 for Use of Contribution)

 

Thank you for agreeing to contribute to the above programme. It is our current intention that the programme will be first broadcast as part of the output of…………………………on BBC Radio…. The BBC now has, or is linked with, several other channels and services. This form gives the right to [insert Independent Producer’s name] to grant the BBC the right to use the whole or part of your contributions in all media and markets throughout the world and, in so doing, will help the BBC to maintain its position as a leading public service broadcaster. We very much hope to use your contributions, but we cannot guarantee to do so.

  • You assign to [insert Independent Producer’s name] the copyright and all other rights in your contributions for use in all media now known or which may be developed in future and you confirm that your contributions will not infringe the copyright, or similar rights, of any third party.
  • In the light of the need of production for flexibility, you agree that [insert Independent Producer’s name] and the BBC may edit, adapt, or translate your contributions and you waive irrevocably any “moral rights”2 you may have in them.
  • [insert Independent Producer’s name ]will be liable for any loss or damage to you, or your property, but only if it is directly connected with this engagement and caused by [insert Independent Producer’s name]’s negligence.
  • You agree that your contributions will not bring [insert Independent Producer’s name ] or the BBC into disrepute or be defamatory but you will not be liable in respect of defamatory material which is included without negligence or malice on your part.Ifyouagreewiththetermssetoutabovepleasesigntheformbelowandreturnit. Acopyisattachedforyouto keep. If you are unsure of the meaning of any of the conditions set out above, the production team will be able to explain them to you.Thank you once again for your assistance. I agree these termsSigned …………………………………………………. Date ……………………………

 

There are many more legal issues when making a larger budget picture, but for us the list isnt as long, however, we must follow guidlines and make sure everything is done to a legal and profesional standard.

To also note there is an apparent “dead body” in the short film, however the way we are going to show it will be completely comical and not really taking itself seriously at all. So there shouldn’t really be any major ethical issues involved.

Concepts, Ideas and Topics

See booklet.

Technical Requirements

So for our test shots, we basically experimented with the camera to get certain colours,  shots and look overall. We don’t have a solid location yet set for our idea and the actors are not available to do an actual rehearsal so this is the best that we will get however it is still helpful.

For the list of the equipment, we will be using and where we are looking to get it from, see the notebook.

Costs, Budget and Production Issues

Films are extremely expensive to make. Short films may be ‘short’ but, they’re still really expensive. I myself don’t have any money to fund our short film as I am only a part-time employee and attend college full time. There are ways to apply for funding from corporations such as creative England or you can try and crowdfund. Crowd funding is good if you already have an audience that enjoy your work. Unfortunately you must be 18 to start a crowdfund so for me it isnt an option.

Crowdfunding Websites:

Crowdfunder: http://www.crowdfunder.co.uk/?utm_source=google&utm_campaign=SOM%20-Generic%20(Exact)&utm_medium=cpc&gclid=Cj0KEQjwt6fHBRDtm9O8xPPHq4gBEiQAdxotvL0bdCd1TBgXutYi5h_KmDFKIf37c8BfWMv9LQkxHI4aAh6a8P8HAQ

GoFundMe: https://uk.gofundme.com/?pc=thrive_google_search_non-brand_crowdfunding_uk_164590858235__kwd-27492690427&gclid=Cj0KEQjwt6fHBRDtm9O8xPPHq4gBEiQAdxotvIdN18Y0JnF2yEetN1HCEpLGcTs0MH9akS8k9_XeB20aAqNS8P8HAQ

 

BUDGETS

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FMP TOTAL: £80 Average

PRO TOTAL: £16,380 Average

 

These are examples of the equipment we would be using if it was being amadewith a much bigger budget:

EQUIPMENT AND PRICING (PROFESSIONALLY MADE):

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